December 4, 2022


Qualified food specialists

Eid al-Fitr 2021: Delicious Mediterranean recipes to celebrate the end of Ramadan

5 min read
There traditionally has been an emphasis on cooking special dishes that can feed large numbers of people, many of which feature meat, said San Diego-based food writer Yvonne Maffei. (If you’re considering a celebration that includes more than one other household, however, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has guidance on how to safely visit with loved ones, depending on your Covid-19 vaccination status.)

Historically, meat has been scarce, she said, so serving meat to guests honors them and their presence.

“There’s a lot of significance around the generosity of the food that you have when your guests come, and Eid is definitely one of those occasions,” Maffei said.

Biryani, a fragrant meat dish from India that’s often made of lamb, goat or chicken, is a popular dish served on Eid, she said. The aromatic flavors cardamom, saffron, cumin, cinnamon and other spices soak into the meat and basmati rice mixed in.

People might not describe celebratory Eid dishes as nutritious, but Maffei aims to include some healthy recipes on her blog. She said the Arabic word “halal” translates to the word permissible in English, which is her inspiration when writing recipes.

There is a huge importance placed on the body in Islam because it is believed to be a gift from God, Maffei explained. When she writes her recipes, she has a high standard for what ingredients are permissible to include to honor that gift.

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While meat dishes are popular on Eid, Maffei said there are also plenty of vegetarian dishes for people to enjoy.

Turkish stuffed grape leaves, which feature Mediterranean flavors like olive oil and tomatoes, are another popular Eid offering. Grape leaves are large leaves that come from grapevines and are commonly used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cooking.

The leaves are stuffed with a vegetable and rice mixture and served with a side of herbed yogurt sauce called Turkish Cacik. The creamy cucumber dipping sauce is sprinkled with fresh dill, parsley and a squeeze of lemon juice.

Maffei layers her stuffed grape leaves on top of tomatoes while cooking to keep the leaves from burning and to infuse more flavor. She recommends serving them as a side dish for vegetarians and nonvegetarians alike during Eid.

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For those with a sweet tooth, she said baklava is a quintessential Eid dessert. The dish features layers of crisp phyllo dough brushed with melted butter and sprinkled with ground walnuts. To finish off the treat, a sweet syrup is drizzled on top.

Baklava is an indulgent choice, but Maffei makes sure to include high-quality, wholesome ingredients in her baking.

While living in Turkey, Maffei said she was exposed to different styles of baklava, such as one filled with pistachio cream. For her recipe, she kept it simple, so beginners will have little trouble following along.

“This is sort of a baseline recipe that people can tweak with their own edits,” Maffei said.

To make Maffei’s Turkish stuffed grape leaves and her baklava, follow the recipes below. For more Eid recipes, visit the Eid section of

Sarma Dolma: Stuffed Grape Leaves

Makes about 24 grape leaves (serves 6)


  • 1 pound fresh or brined grape leaves
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 medium yellow onion, diced
  • 1 cup short-grain rice, uncooked
  • 3⁄4 cup medium-grind bulgur (#2)
  • 1 tablespoon plain tomato sauce
  • 1 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons sumac
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 teaspoon sea salt, or to taste
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons pomegranate molasses (optional)
  • 2 tablespoons fresh mint or 1 tablespoon dried
  • 2 tablespoons fresh parsley or 1 tablespoon dried
  • 2 tablespoons fresh dill or 1 tablespoon dried
  • 2 to 3 fresh tomatoes, sliced
  • 1 lemon, sliced thinly

Sauce to cover the stuffed grape leaves while they cook:

  • 1⁄2 tablespoon tomato paste
  • 1⁄2 tablespoon pepper paste
  • 1/8 teaspoon sea salt
  • 1/4 cup olive oil


1. Soak fresh or brined grape leaves in water to remove any excess salt. If using fresh grape leaves, blanch in hot water for about 15 seconds. Remove and let cool before using.

2. Heat oil in a frying pan and gently add the onion, rice, bulgur, tomato sauce, spices, salt, pomegranate molasses, 1/2 cup water and the fresh herbs. Cook, stirring frequently to combine, until onion is translucent and the grains are glossy, 10-12 minutes. The grains will not be fully cooked but will finish cooking during the remainder of the cooking process. Remove from heat. Let cool for about 15 minutes.

3. Lay each grape leaf vine side up and add about 1 tablespoon filling to the lower end of each leaf. Bring the sides inward and roll tightly upward.

4. Line a stockpot or Dutch oven with tomatoes. Add stuffed grape leaves in an organized way, each one sitting on top of the tomatoes. Top with lemon slices.

5. To make the sauce, combine tomato paste and hot pepper paste with 1 1/2 cups hot water and salt, using a whisk. Pour over grape leaves in the pot.

6. Bring pot to the stovetop and heat on medium-high. Bring liquid to a boil, then immediately reduce to low. Let simmer for 45 minutes to 1 hour, covered.

7. Halfway through the cooking process, remove lid and pour olive oil over grape leaves. Cover and allow them to continue simmering.

8. Remove pot from heat and take off lid to allow the steam out. Serve grape leaves warm with yogurt sauce on the side. The recipe for Maffei’s Turkish Cacik is available on her website.

Walnut Baklava With Rose Water

Baklava is a popular dessert served on Eid because one batch can feed dozens of people.

Makes 50-60 pieces


  • 1 1⁄4 cups + 1 tablespoon superfine (or caster) sugar
  • 2 tablespoons rose water
  • 2 1⁄2 cups roughly chopped walnuts + 1⁄2 cup for garnishing the top
  • 30 sheets phyllo dough sized 13″ x 18″
  • 1 cup ghee


1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit.

2. Make the syrup (syrup instructions below).

3. Make the nut filling (nut filling instructions below).

2. Unwrap phyllo and spread it out flat. Place a damp cloth on the top layer so that it doesn’t dry out while you are working. Do this with every layer you leave exposed.

3. Brush a sheet pan generously with ghee. Add 1 phyllo sheet and brush it with ghee. Repeat with 14 more sheets for a total of 15 before the nut filling is added.

4. Pour in nut mixture and spread it out evenly across the phyllo. Add 1 new phyllo sheet on top and brush with ghee. Repeat this until you have a total of 15 more sheets on top, for a total of 30 sheets.

5. Add the remaining 1⁄2 cup chopped walnuts to the top.

6. Using a sharp, smooth knife, cut the entire sheet in several long, even strips and then again diagonally, which will create diamond-shaped pieces.

7. Bake for 40 minutes.

8. Remove from oven and pour cooled syrup on top. Let sit for about 15 minutes before cutting and serving.

To make the syrup

1. In a small saucepan, add 1 1⁄4 cups sugar, 1 tablespoon rose water and 1 1⁄2 cups water. Bring to a boil, then immediately reduce heat to medium-low. Cook for 20 minutes.

2.Remove from heat and set aside for the last step in this recipe.

To make the nut filling

1. In a bowl, add 2 ½ cups nuts, remaining 1 tablespoon sugar and remaining 1 tablespoon rose water. Mix well with your hands to make sure everything is combined well. Set aside.

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